People and pets routinely died from infections before penicillin, the first antibiotic, was introduced in the first half of the 20th century. Today, veterinarians use antibiotics to treat many typ ...View Article
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Amoxicillin- an antibiotic ususally given twice daily. Give amoxicillin with food to prevent gastro-intestinal upset. The suspension should be refrigerated.Shake the bottle before use.
Baytril (enrofloxacin)- a broad-spectrum antibiotic given 1 or 2 times daily. This antibiotic is frequently used for infections of the urinary, respiratory tracts, and gastro-intestinal tracts.
Cephalexin- a broad-spectrum antibiotic given 2 or 3 times daily. This antibiotic is commonly used for skin and urinary tract infections. Give this medication with food to prevent gastro-intestinal upset.
Clavamox- an antibiotic closely related to amoxicillin. It is similar to the human drug Augmentin. This antibiotic is frequently used for skin, urinary and respiratory tract infections. Adverse effects can be gastrointestinal upset and decreased appetite. This drug should be taken twice daily and with food. Use all of the tablets dispensed unless otherwise instructed by the doctor.
Conofite lotion (miconizole)- an anti-fungal topical medication most commonly used to treat yeast infections in ears.
Deramaxx (deracoxib)- Deramaxx is a new non-steroidal anti-inflamatory drug. It is a new type of drug that is reported to be less likely to cause side effects than previoulsy developed drugs. Deramaxx islabled for post-operative and orthopedic pain. This medicine is produced as a chewable tablet that dogs readily accept. Be sure to keep the bottle out of the dog's reach to prevent overdosage with the palatable tablets.
Dexamethasone- a type of cortisone medication. Seeprednisolonefor further information about this type of medication. Dexamethasone is more potent and longer lasting than prednisolone and is most frequently used for back pain and immune system disorders.
Enalapril- a drug of a class called angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors. This drug and others of the same class are used in dogs with heart failure and in dogs with certain kidney disorders that result in loss of protein in the urine. The drug decreases protein loss in the urine and also helps improve cardiac output by causing arteriorlar relaxation.
Furosemide-a potent diuretic used mainly in heart failure
Metacam (Meloxicam)- A non-steroidal anti inflammatory drug similar to Rimadyl and Deramaxx. It is produced as a palatable honey flavored liquid and as an injectable. An advantage of the liquid formulation is the ease of adjusting the dose to the size and needs of the patient. The injectable is the only NSAID drug approved for use in cats in the United States.
Methimazole- Methimazole (Felimazole) is an anti-thyroid drug. It is used to control feline hyperthyroidism. This is a disease caused by the presence of one or more functioning nodules on the cat's thyroid gland. Methimazole suppresses thyroid hormone production by the nodules. Thyroid levels need to be monitored by blood testing periodically. The number of hours between administration of the methimazole tablet and the blood test is not critical. Treatment is for the rest of the cat's life unless the disease is cured by radiation or surgery. Methimazole can be compounded by a pharmacist into a transdermal gel for cats that are impossible to pill consistantly. Side effects in some cats include loss of appetite, vomiting and anemia and low white blood cell counts.
Momentamax-a topical ear medication containing a combination of potent antibiotic, anti-fungal and corticosteroid. This medication is reserved for serious ear infections.
Otomax- a topical combination product usually used for treating ear infections in dogs and cats. It contains a broad-spectrum antibiotic with a steroid (like cortisone-decreases inflammation) and an anti-fungal drug to kill yeast
Pimobendan- also known as Vetmedin is a drug used in canine heart failure. This drug makes the heart beat more effectively and improves cardiac output in dogs with valvular heart disease and dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy.
Prednisone/Prednisolone- a steroid used primarily for its anti-inflammatory and anti-itch effects. Steroids can have many detrimental effects if used long term or at high doses. This medication is typically tapered slowly over a few days before discontinuation. Common side effects are increased appetite, thirst, urination and panting.
Rimadyl (carprofen)- a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Rimdayl should be given with food. Do not use with other NSAID's (i.e. Asprin) or steroids like prednisone. This drug can cause gastro-intestinal bleeding. Very rarely, dogs can develop liver disease. If you note vomiting, diarrhea, not eating or dark stools, call the animal hospital. Do not give this medicine to cats.
Soloxine- Soloxine is a brand name of L-throxine. This medication is a replacement for thyroid hormone. It is used in dogs who are hypothyroid (i.e.don't make enough thyroid hormone). Medication is given for the rest of the dog's life and blood levels need to be monitored periodically (approximately 3-6 hours after the morning dosage). Cats rarely need this medication because feline hypothyroidism is rare.
Tresaderm- an anti-inflammatory, anti-yeast, anti-bacterial, usually used for ears. This medicine should be used after the ears are cleaned. Place about 10 drops in the infected ear and massage the ear canal. Refridgerate this medication.
Zeniquin (Marbofloxacin)- An antibiotic of the same family as Baytril. Advantages of this drug are once daily dosing and increased efficacy against a serious bacterium called Pseudomonas. This drug is used for serious urinary tract and ear infections.
Allerseb T (coal tar shampoo)- potent degreasing effect, can dry-out the skin and coat if used inappropriately. Useful for dogs with really oily skin and coats (for example some cocker spaniels). These shampoos are toxic to cats.
Aveeno (oatmeal shampoo)- moisturizing, soothing, decreases itching.
Dermazole (miconizole)- anti-fungal used for ringworm and yeast infections
Episoothe (oatmeal shampoo)- moisturizing, soothing, decreases itching.
Etiderm (ethyl lactate)- antibacterial, loosens crusts and scabs, moisturizing, less irritating than benzoyl peroxide shampoos.
Flea shampoos (allethrin, pyrethrin etc)- obsolete and rarely used anymore in favor of topical monthly flea control products like Frontline, Advantage, Revolution or oral products like Program or Sentinel. Flea shampoos do kill fleas, but can be irritating to the skin and provide little residual activity.
Malaseb anti-bacterial and anti-fungal shampoo used frequently in dogs with allergic skin disease.
Oxydex (benzoyl peroxide)- antibacterial, flushes debris from clogged or infected hair follicles.
Pyoben (benzoyl peroxide)- antibacterial, flushes debris from clogged or infected hair follicles.
Resicort (hydrocortisone)- actually a rinse that is applied after a bath. Application is by running a bead of Resicort along the pet's back and rubbing it into the skin and coat. It is not rinsed off. It provides an anti-itch effect. It is most commonly used in treating allergic patients.
Sebalyte (sulfur and salicylic acid shampoo)- mildly degreasing, decreases scaling (dandruff), mild antibacterial shampoo.
Selsun Blue (selenium shampoo)- anti-dandruff shampoo useful in dogs with chronic yeast infections on their skin.